Publications - Oceanographic research

Research publications from the SMHI Oceanographic Research group.


Andersson H, Eriksson Bram L, Hjerdt N, Lindström G, Löptien U, Strömqvist J. Översikt av beräkningsmodeller för bedömning av fiskodlingars näringsämnesbelastning på sjöar, vattendrag, magasin och kustvatten. 2016. Oceanografi, 118. 

Axell L, Liu Y. Application of 3-D ensemble variational data assimilation to a Baltic Sea reanalysis 1989-2013. Tellus. Series A, Dynamic meteorology and oceanography. 2016;68:24220. 

Eero, M., Andersson, H. C., Almroth-Rosell, E., and MacKenzie, B. R.: Has eutrophication promoted forage fish production in the Baltic Sea?, Ambio, doi: 10.1007/s13280-016-0788-3, 2016. 1-12, 2016.

Fransner F, Nycander J, Morth C, Humborg C, Meier M, Hordoir R,  et al. Tracing terrestrial DOC in the Baltic SeaA 3-D model study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2016;30(2):134-148. 

Holopainen R, Lehtiniemi M, Meier M, Albertsson J, Gorokhova E, Kotta J,  et al. Impacts of changing climate on the non-indigenous invertebrates in the northern Baltic Sea by end of the twenty-first century. Biological Invasions. 2016;18(10):3015-3032. 

Hu Y O, Karlson B, Charvet S, Andersson A F. Diversity of Pico- to Mesoplankton along the 2000 km Salinity Gradient of the Baltic Sea. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2016;7:679. 

Höglund A. Invasive species in the Baltic Sea A model study of plankton transport. 2016. Oceanografi, 122. 

Karlson B, Andersson L, Kaitala S, Kronsell J, Mohlin M, Seppala J,  et al. A comparison of FerryBox data vs. monitoring data from research vessels for near surface waters of the Baltic Sea and the Kattegat. Journal of Marine Systems. 2016;162:98-111. 

Koenigk T, Caian M, Nikulin G, Schimanke S. Regional Arctic sea ice variations as predictor for winter climate conditions. Climate Dynamics. 2016;46(1-2):317-337. 

Kuznetsov I, Eilola K, Dieterich C, Hordoir R, Axell L, Höglund A,  et al. Model study on the variability of ecosystem parameters in the Skagerrak-Kattegat area, effect of load reduction in the North Sea and possible effect of BSAP on Skagerrak-Kattegat area. 2016. Oceanografi, 119. 

Meier, H.E.M, A. Höglund, K. Eilola, and E. Almroth-Rosell, 2016. Impact of accelerated future global mean sea level rise on hypoxia in the Baltic Sea. Climate dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3333-y.

Pemberton P, Nilsson J. The response of the central Arctic Ocean stratification to freshwater perturbations. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans. 2016;121(1):792-817. 

Puillat I, Farcy P, Durand D, Karlson B, Petihakis G, Seppala J,  et al. Progress in marine science supported by European joint coastal observation systems : The JERICO-RI research infrastructure. Journal of Marine Systems. 2016;162:1-3. 

Schimanke, Semjon and H.E.Markus Meier (2016), Decadal to centennial variability of salinity in the Baltic Sea, Journal of Climate, URL:

Wåhlström I, Dieterich C, Pemberton P, Meier M. Impact of increasing inflow of warm Atlantic water on the sea-air exchange of carbon dioxide and methane in the Laptev Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences. 2016;121(7):1867-1883. 


Schneider, B., K. Eilola, K. Lukkari, B. Muller-Karulis, T. Neumann, 2015. Environmental Impacts—Marine Biogeochemistry. In; Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin, BACC II author team, 2015. Reg. Clim. Stud., Springer, Berlin, 506 pp.

Andersson A, H.E.M. Meier, M. Ripszam, O. Rowe, J. Wikner, P. Haglund, K. Eilola, C. Legrand, D. Figueroa, J. Paczkowska, E. Lindehoff, M. Tysklind, R. Elmgren, 2015: Prediction of ecosystem effects on the Baltic Sea at future climate change projections - implications for ecosystem management. Ambio, DOI 10.1007/s13280-015-0654-8.

Hordoir R., Axell L., Löptien U., Dietze H., Kutzenov I. 2015. Influence of Sea Level Rise on the Dynamics of Salt Inflows in the Baltic Sea. . J. of Geophysical Research – Oceans, DOI : 10.1002/2014JC010642 

Weigel B, Andersson HC, Meier HEM, Blenckner T, Snickars M, Bonsdorff E (2015)-Long-term progression and drivers of coastal zoobenthos in a changing system. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 528:141-159 doi: 10.3354/meps11279

Omstedt et al. (2015)  Modelling the contributions to marine acidification from deposited SOx, NOx, and NHx in the Baltic Sea: Past and present situations, , CSR, in press

Koenigk et al. (2015), Regional Arctic sea ice variations as predictor for winter climate conditions, Clim. Dyn., online first, 

Gröger et al. (2015) Thermal air-sea coupling in hindcast simulations for the North and Baltic sea on the NW European shelf, Tellus A (67), nr. 26911,

Wang et al. (2015), Development and evaluation of a new regional coupled atmosphere-ocean model RCA4-NEMO and application for future scenario experiments, Tellus A (67), nr. 24284,

Deng et al. 2015, A method for estimating coastline recession due to sea level rise by assuming stationary wind-wave climate, Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

Pemberton et al. (2015) Arctic Ocean Water Mass Transformation in S–T Coordinates,  J. Phys. Oceanogr., (45), 1025–1050,

Almroth-Rosell et al. (2015),A new approach to model oxygen dependent benthic phosphate fluxes in the Baltic Sea, Journal of Marine Systems, 144, 127-141, 2015.

Golbeck, I., Axell, L. et al. 2015. Uncertainty estimation for operational ocean forecast products - A Multi-Model Ensemble for the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Ocean Dynamics.


Jutterström, S., Andersson, H.C., Omstedt, A., Malmaeus Multiple stressors threatening the future of the Baltic Sea-Kattegat marine ecosystem: Implications for Policy and Management, M.. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 86, 468-480, DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.027

Eilola et al., 2014;Impact of saltwater inflows on phosphorus cycling and eutrophication in the Baltic Sea. A 3D model study.Tellus A,

Meier et al. 2014 Ensemble modeling of the Baltic Sea ecosystem to provide scenarios for management.;

Skogen et al. 2014. Eutrophication Status of the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat and the Baltic Sea in present and future climates: A model study.;

Wåhlström et al. 2014A model sensitivity study for sea-air exchange of methane in the Laptev Sea, Arctic Ocean.;

Schimanke et al. 2014.  An algorithm based on sea-level pressure fluctuations to identify major Baltic inflow events, ,

Kotilainen et al. (2014), Echoes from the Past: A Healthy Baltic Sea Requires More Effort, AMBIO (1), Vol. 43, pp. 60-68,  

Pemberton et al. (2014), Arctic Ocean freshwater composition, pathways and transformations from a passive tracer simulation, Tellus A (66), 23988,

Liu, Y., Meier, H.E.M. and Eilola, K. 2014. Improving the multiannual, high-resolution modelling of biogeochemical cycles in the Baltic Sea by using data assimilation. Tellus A, 66, 24908.

Löptien, U. and Axell, L. 2014. Ice and AIS: ship speed data and sea ice forecasts in the Baltic Sea, The Cryosphere, 8, 2409-2418.


Robinson Hordoir, Christian Dieterich, Chandan Basu, Heiner Dietze,  H.E.M. Meier, 2013. Freshwater outflow of the Baltic Sea and transport in the Norwegian current: A statistical correlation analysis based on a numerical experiment.; Continental Shelf Research 08/2013; 64. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2013.05.006

Eilola et al. 2013Modeling the impact of reduced sea ice cover in future climate on the Baltic Sea biogeochemistry.;

Hakonen, A., Anderson, L.G., Engelbrektsson, J. Hulth, S., Karlson, B. (2013). A potential tool for high-resolution monitoring of ocean acidification, Analytica Chimica Acta 786, p. 1-7.

U Löptien, S Mårtensson, H E M Meier, and A Höglund. Long-term characteristics of simulated ice deformation in the Baltic Sea (1962-2007). J Geophys Res, vol 118, pp 801-815, 2013.  DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20089.

Liu, Y., Meier, H.E.M. and Axell, L. 2013. Reanalyzing temperature and salinity on decadal time scales using the ensemble optimal interpolation method and a 3-D ocean circulation model of the Baltic Sea. J. Geophys. Res. 118, 5536-5554.


Schimanke et al. 2012. The climate in the Baltic Sea region during the last millennium simulated with a regional climate model, ,

Cathalot et al. 2012. Spatial and Temporal Variability of Benthic Respiration in a Scottish Sea Loch Impacted by Fish Farming: A Combination of In Situ Techniques.;

Eilola et al. 2012. Modeling nutrient transports and exchanges of nutrients between shallow regions and the open Baltic Sea in present and future climate.;

Gustafsson et al. 2012 Reconstructing the development of Baltic Sea eutrophication 1850 – 2006.;

Neumann et al. 2012; Extremes of temperature, oxygen and blooms in the Baltic Sea in a changing climate.

H.E.M Meier and H.C. Andersson, 2012.  ECOSUPPORT – A pilot study on decision support for Baltic Sea environmental management. AMBIO, Special Issue: ECOSUPPORT – Different Ecosystem Drivers Under Future Climate Scenarios in the Baltic Sea, 41, 6, 529-533.

Meier et al. 2012 Modeling the combined impact of changing climate and changing socio-economic development on the Baltic Sea environment in an ensemble of transient simulations for 1961-2099.;

Meier et al. 2012Impact of climate change on ecological quality indicators and biogeochemical fluxes in the Baltic Sea – a multi-model ensemble study.;

Meier et al. 2012Comparing reconstructed past variations and future projections of the Baltic Sea ecosystem—first results from multi-model ensemble simulations.;

H E Markus Meier, Helén C Andersson, Berit Arheimer, Thorsten Blenckner, Boris Chubarenko, Chantal Donnelly, Kari Eilola, Bo G Gustafsson, Anders Hansson, Jonathan  Havenhand, Anders Höglund, Ivan Kuznetsov, Brian R MacKenzie, Bärbel Müller Karulis, Thomas Neumann, Susa Niiranen, Joanna Piwowarczyk, Urmas Raudsepp, Marcus Reckermann, Tuija Ruoho-Airola, Oleg P Savchuk, Frederik Schenk, Semjon Schimanke, Germo Väli, Jan-Marcin Weslawski and Eduardo Zorita, 2012. Future climate warming may unprecedentedly alter the Baltic Sea ecosystem compared to the past 150 yrs., Environmental Research Letters, 7 034005 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034005.

Ruoho-Airola et al. 2012Atmospheric nutrient input to the Baltic Sea for 1850-2006: A reconstruction from modeling results and historical data.;

Viktorsson et al. 2012; Benthic Phosphorus Dynamics in the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea.

A Höglund and H E M Meier. Environmentally safe areas and routes in the Baltic proper using Eulerian tracers, Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol 64, pp 1375‑1385, 2012.  DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.04.021.