Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid et Swezy 1921

A living cell at different focal planes (BF)

Synonym(s): Gymnodinium spirale Bergh 1881

Life-form: Solitary

Size: length 40-200 µm, width 20-45 µm.

Resting spore:

Note: Species complex (?) (see Steidinger & Tangen 1996)

Distinctive features:

Similar species:

Distribution: Worldwide

Dodge, J. D. 1982. Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 303 pp.

Hansen, G. & Larsen, J. 1992. Dinoflagellater i danske farvande. In: Thomsen, H. A. (ed.) Plankton i de indre danske farvande. Havforskning fra Miljøstyrelsen, Copenhagen, p. 45-155.

Steidinger, K. A. & Tangen, K. 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: Tomas, C. R. (ed.) Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, p. 387-584.

  Copyright © 1996-2006, Mats Kuylenstierna & Bengt Karlson All rights reserved.
Last modified on 15 September, 2006

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute

Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden