Gymnodinium sanguineum Hirasaka 1922

Two living cells (BF)

Synonym(s): Gymnodinium splendens Lebour 1925 , Gymnodinium nelsonii Martin 1929

Life-form: Solitary

Size: length 40-80 µm.

Resting spore: +

Note: Toxic (?), Can produce small cells (Silva & Faust 1985)

Distinctive features: Often pentagonal with broadly conical epicone and a bilobed hypocone. Sulcus does not extend on to the epicone. Many small chloroplasts. Nucleus large and central. The girdle slightly left-handed displaced

Similar species:

Distribution: Worldwide in coastal waters

Drebes, G. 1974. Marines Phytoplankton, Eine Auswahl der Helgoländer Planktonalgen (Diatomeen, Peridineen). Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart. 186 pp.

Hansen, G. & Larsen, J. 1992. Dinoflagellater i danske farvande. In: Thomsen, H. A. (ed.) Plankton i de indre danske farvande. Havforskning fra Miljøstyrelsen, Copenhagen, p. 45-155.

Silva, E. S. & Faust, M. A. 1995. Small cells in the life history of dinoflagellates (Dinophyceae): a review. Phycologia. 34: 396-408.

Steidinger, K. A. & Tangen, K. 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: Tomas, C. R. (ed.) Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, p. 387-584.

Lebour, M. V. 1925. The dinoflagellates of northern seas. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K., Plymouth. 1-250.

  Copyright © 1996-2006, Mats Kuylenstierna & Bengt Karlson All rights reserved.
Last modified on 15 September, 2006

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute

Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden