Torodinium robustum Kofoid et Swezy 1921

A = A living cell; B = A cell in Lugol (A&B=DIC); C = Cell in epifluorescence microscope


Life-form: Solitary

Size: Length 36-75 µm, width 21-25 µm.

Resting spore:


Distinctive features: Epicone very long, cell body 3 times as long as broad, many brown chlroplasts

Similar species: Torodinium teredo


Hansen, G. & Larsen, J. 1992. Dinoflagellater i danske farvande. In: Thomsen, H. A. (ed.) Plankton i de indre danske farvande. Havforskning fra Miljøstyrelsen, Copenhagen, p. 45-155.

Kofoid, C. A. & Swezy, O. 1921. The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. Mem.Univ.California., 5: pp 562.

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Last modified on 15 September, 2006

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute

Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden