Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) Dodge 1975

Alive cell (BF)


Synonym(s): Cryptomonas lima Ehrenberg 1859

Life-form: Solitary

Size: length 31-47 µm, width 22-40 µm.

Resting spore:

Note: A benthic species occasionally found in plankton. Toxic (Murakami et al. 1982)

Distinctive features: Structure of theca and with 50-80 marginal pores

Similar species: Prorocentrum concavum Prorocentrum maculosum

Distribution: Widely

Faust, M. A. 1991. Morphology of ciguatera-causing Prorocentrum lima (Pyrrophyta) from widely differing sites. Journal of Phycology. 27: 642-648.

Murakami, Y., Oshima, Y. & Yasumoto T. 1982. Identification of okadaic acid as a toxic component of a marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi. 48: 69-72.

Steidinger K. A. & Tangen, K. 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: Tomas, C. R. (ed.) Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, p. 387-584.

Zhou, J. & Fritz, L. 1993. Ultrastructure of two toxic marine dinoflagellates, Prorocentrum lima and Prorocentrum maculosum. Phycologia. 32: 444-450.

  Copyright © 1996-2006, Mats Kuylenstierna & Bengt Karlson All rights reserved.
Last modified on 15 September, 2006

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute

Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden