Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède et Lachmann) Diesing 1866

A living cell and one of several types of cysts associated with G. spinifera (BF, courtesy of Anna Godhe)


Synonym(s): Peridinium spiniferum Claparède et Lachmann 1859

Life-form: Solitary

Size: Length 24-50 µm, width 30-40 µm.

Resting spore: +

Note: There are several different types of cysts associated with the motile cell in this species-complex (Wall & Dale 1968b, Dale 1983)

Distinctive features:

Similar species: Gonyaulax alaskensis G. diegensis G. digitale

Distribution: Worldwide

Dale, B. 1983. Dinoflagellate resting cysts: benthic plankton. - In. Survival strategies of the algae, (ed. G.A. Fryxell). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge. pp. 69-136.

Dodge, J. D. 1982. Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 303 pp.

Dodge, J. D. 1989. Some revisions of the family Gonyaulacaceae (Dinophyceae) Based on a scanning electron microscope study. Botanica Marina. 32: 275-298.

Hansen, G. & Larsen, J. 1992. Dinoflagellater i danske farvande. In: Thomsen, H. A. (ed.) Plankton i de indre danske farvande. Havforskning fra Miljøstyrelsen, Copenhagen, pp. 45-155.

Wall, D. & Dale, B.1968b. Modern dinoflagellate cysts and evolution of the Peridiniales. Micropaleontology.14: 265-304.

  Copyright © 1996-2006, Mats Kuylenstierna & Bengt Karlson All rights reserved.
Last modified on 15 September, 2006

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute


Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden