An array of uncertainties surrounds climate change. These include uncertainties emanating from the limits of current knowledge on the climate, especially at the local scale, and which affect model reliability. Other uncertainties come from natural climate variability, unquantifiable future greenhouse gas emissions of sovereign states, and difficulty in assessing the impacts of current emission levels which could have significant consequences over a long time scale. These complexities need to be taken into consideration when making decisions, however many hydrological, meteorological and climate centres around the world need enhanced capabilities to tackle such challenges.
SMHI works in partnership with sister organisations in developing countries towards building more robust climate information services structure to cope with the demands of a changing climate. Such a structure recognizes the link between water and climate, provides a holistic approach to tackling water related adaptation issues and addresses hurdles to knowledge exchange. This leads to more informed policy decisions, enabling developing communities to reduce risks, increase resilience and achieve sustainable growth in a changing climate.
Research and communication on climate change
Up-to-date and high resolution information about variability and future change in climate is essential for estimating the impact and consequences of climate change in different sectors of society. Decision-makers at all levels must be able to base decisions on best practices and best available climate information. Accurate communication of information is as important as generating such information, and our climate services place an emphasis on communicating climate change. At SMHI, the Rossby Centre is at the forefront of scientific research on climate change. In addition, the Knowledge Centre investigates factors influencing the knowledge of climate change, such as governmental policies and human behavioral factors. We also cooperate with regional, national and international bodies as well as civil society in communicating climate change.