Curitiba gained worldwide prominence for its efficient practices in urban planning and public transport. Engaged in project sustainability and social responsibility, the city now draws goals aimed at improving the population's quality of life.
Although urban densification along mass transport axes is a tested concept in Curitiba, it requires that air quality impacts from transport vehicle exhausts (with effects on human health) are taken into consideration in the planning process. A sustainable urban development also requires other pollution sources affecting Curitiba air quality to be assessed.
The Bilateral Cooperation Project ParCur was born under the framework of the “MoU between the Ministry of the Environment of the Kingdom of Sweden and the Ministry of the Environment of the Federative Republic of Brazil on cooperation in the fields of environmental protection, climate change and sustainable development” (signed in Nov. 20, 2013), the “MoU between Brazilian and Swedish Institutions to promote sustainable urban development in Curitiba” (signed in Nov. 12, 2013), and the project “Smart city concepts in Curitiba” (VINNOVA call 2014-01762).
The general goal is to enhance the benefits of on-going sustainable development of the urban infrastructure in Curitiba by assessing and quantifying the air quality improvements in the city and its metropolitan region, as a necessary step to attain improved life quality standards and a healthier population.
In order to accomplish this overarching goal the following general objectives were envisioned:
- to cooperate on methodologies for the quantification of emissions of small particles (PM2.5 and Black Carbon - BC) and their impact on air pollution levels in Curitiba´s metropolitan region;
- to support and complement the on-going project “Smart city concepts in Curitiba” with air quality impact assessments, following the introduction of new technologies for mass transport corridors.
General coordination of the project. Development of a high spatiotemporal resolution emission inventory for PM and BC for the metropolitan region of Curitiba. Implementation of the web-based air quality management system Airviro. Capacitation of the Brazilian partners in the use of Airviro, namely for monitoring assessment, emission inventory, and dispersion modelling.
SMHI (general coordinator), Federal University of Paraná (UFPR, coordinator in Brazil), Assessoria de Relações Internacionais (ARIN), Departamento de Trânsito do Estado do Paraná (DETRAN), Instituto Ambiental do Paraná (IAP), Instituto de Pesquisa Planejamento Urbano de Curitiba (IPPUC), Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (LACTEC), Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA), Secretaria de Planejamento e Administração (SEPLAD), Secretaria Municipal de Trânsito (SETRAN), Sistema Meteorológico do Paraná (SIMEPAR), Secretaria Municipal do Meio Ambiente (SMMA), Secretaria Municipal da Saúde de Curitiba (SMS), Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPEL), Universidade Positivo (UP), Urbanização de Curitiba (URBS), Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (UTFPR)