Vetenskapliga artiklar 2004

Förteckning vetenskapliga artiklar publicerade under 2004.

Andersson, L.,
Experiences of use of riverine nutrient models in stakeholder dialogues, Water Resources Development, 20, 399-413.

Andersson, L., Bonell, M., Moody, D.
Foreword of HELP Special Issue: Towards Integrated Catchment Management: Increasing the Dialogue Between Scientists, Policy Makers, and Stakeholders. Water Resources Development, 20, 267-274.

Andersson, L., Arheimer, B., Larsson, M., Olsson, J., Pers, C., Rosberg, J., Tonderski, K., Ulén, B.
Integrated modelling of phosphorus fluxes at the catchment scale. In: Chardon, W. J. and Koopmans, G. F. (Ed.) Proceedings of IPW-4 Conference Wageningen, Netherlands, 16-19 August 2004

Andréasson, J., Lindström, G., Grahn, G. and Johansson, B.
Runoff in Sweden – Mapping of climate change impacts on hydrology. In: Proceedings, XXIII Nordic Hydrological Conference, Tallinn, Estonia, 8-12 August 2004, pp. 625-632.

Andréasson, J., Bergström, S., Carlsson, B., Graham, L. P. and Lindström, G.
Hydrological Change – Climate Change Impact Simulations for Sweden. Ambio 33:4-5, 228-234.

Arheimer, B.
Vattenkvalitet i ett framtida klimat. VASTRAs årsrapport 2003. Ekblad & Co, Västervik. pp. 23-26.

Arheimer, B.
Dämpas höga vattenflöden av anlagda våtmarker? VASTRAs årsrapport 2003. Ekblad & Co, Västervik. pp. 21-22. (in Swedish)

Arheimer, B., Andersson , L., Larsson , M., Lindström , G., Olsson , J., Pers B.C.,
Modelling diffuse nutrient flow in eutrophication control scenarios. Water Science and Technology 49 (3):37-45.

Arheimer, B. and Fogelberg, S.
Modelling daily water flow in the EUROHARP catchments. EuroHarp Newsletter No. 3. pp 7. (EVK1-CT-2001-00096)

Arheimer, B.,
Modelling Riverine Nutrient Input to the Baltic Sea and Water Quality Measures in Sweden. In: Isemer, H-J. (Ed) Proceedings of the 4th study conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, 24-28 May 2004. International BALTEX secretariat, Publ. No.29, p.186-18

Arheimer, B. and Fogelberg, S.
HBV modelling in several European countries. In: Järvet, Ä (Ed.) Proceedings of XXIII Nordic Hydrologic Conference, Tallin, 8-12 Aug. 2004. Nordic Hydrological Programme Reports 48:551-557, Tartu.

Arheimer, B., Andréasson, J., Fogelberg, S., Johnsson, H., Mårtensson, K., Pers, C., Persson, K and Rosberg, J.
Climate change impact on water quality - model results from southern Sweden, Proc. of Regional-scale Climate Modelling Workshop, 29 mars - 2 April, 2004 in Lund, Lund Reports in Physical Geography, Lund University.

Arheimer, B., Torstensson, G. and Wittgren, H. B.
Landscape planning to reduce coastal eutrophication: Constructed Wetlands and Agricultural Practices. Landscape and Urban Planning 67(1-4):205-215.

Beldring, S., Arheimer, B., Finndís Jónsdóttir, J. and Vehviläinen, B.
Prediction in ungauged basins experience from the Nordic countries. In: Järvet, Ä (Ed.) Proceedings of XXIII Nordic Hydrologic Conference, Tallin, 8-12 Aug. 2004. Nordic Hydrological Programme Reports 48:51-60, Tartu.

Bergström, S.
The HBV model – latest applications, latest thoughts. In: Proceedings from the XXIII Nordic Hydrological Conference, Tallinn, Estonia 8-12 August, 545-550.

Bergström, S., Andréasson, J., Graham, L. P. and Lindström, G.
Use of hydrological data and climate scenarios for climate change detection in the Baltic basin In: Conference Proceedings of the Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, 24-28 May 2004. 158-159.

Bolin, B., Falkenmark, M. och Rummukainen, M.
Klimatet och vatten i framtiden. Raab, I B och Vedin, H (temaredaktörer):
Klimat, sjöar och vattendrag, Sveriges Nationalatlas, andra utgåvan. ISBN 91-87760-53-5. SNA. 170-171.

Borenäs, K. and Lundberg, P
The Faroe-Bank Channel deep-water overflow. Deep-Sea Research II 51, 335-350.

Bärring, L. and von Storch, H.
Scandinavian storminess since about 1800. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, L20202, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020441.

Carlsson, B.
Hydrological Data Centre for BALTEX. Status Report. SMHI Norrköping.

Carlsson, B.
The BALTEX Hydrological Data Centre. Conference Proceedings of the Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, 24-28 May 2004.

Carlund, T., Håkansson, B. and Lundin, M.
Albedo and shortwave radiation fluxes during the Arctic Ocean Expedition 2001. Project report of Swedish National Space Board research contract 153/01. 19 pp.

Crewell, S. Bloemink, H, Feijt, A., Garcia, S.G., Jovilet, D., Krasnov, A., van Lammern, A., Löhnert, U., van Meijgaard, E., Meywerk, J., Quante, M., Pfeilsticker, K., Schmidt, S., Scoll, T., Simmer, C., Scröder, M., Trautmann, T., Venema, V., Wendish, W. and Willén. U.
THE BALTEX BRIDGE CAMPAIGN: An integrated approach for a better understanding of clouds. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1565-1584.

Dybbroe, A., Henja, A., Hörnquist, S., Karlsson, K.-G., Sverker, C., Thoss, A., Thyrén, V. and Yong, A.
The Nowcasting SAF Polar Platform System Software Package (PPS) - current status. Proceedings of the 2004 Eumetsat Meteorological Satellite Data Users’ Conference, Prague, Czhec Republic, May 31 - June 4, 2004.

Döscher, R. and Meier, H. E. M.
Simulated Sea Surface Temperature and Heat Fluxes in Different Climates of the Baltic Sea. Ambio 33:4-5, 242-248.

Döscher, R., and Meier, H. E. M.
Simulated Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice in different Climates of the Baltic Sea . BALTEX Newsletter, GKSS, Geesthacht, Germany, 6, 18-22.

Döscher, R. and Meier, H. E. M.
Baltic Sea climate scenarios for sea surface temperature and ice. In: J. Cote (ed.), Research activities in atmospheric and oceanic modelling. WMO-ICSU-IOC Joint Committee for the World Climate Research Programme, WMO Commission for atmospheric sciences, CAS/JSC working group on numerical experimentation, sec.7, 5-6.

Döscher, R. and Meier, H. E. M.
Simulated sea surface temperature and sea ice in different climates of the Baltic. In: Proceedings of the fourth study conference on BALTEX, Ed.: H.-J. Isemer, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, May 24-28, 2004. International BALTEX Secretariat publication series No.29, GKSS, Geesthacht, Germany, 162-163.

Döös, K., Meier, H. E. M. and Döscher, R.
The Baltic Haline Conveyor Belt or The Overturning Circulation and Mixing in the Baltic. Ambio 33:4-5, 257-260.

Fogelberg, S., Arheimer, B., Venohr, M. and Behrendt, H.
Comparision of the HBV-N and MONERIS in Sweden and Germany. EuroHarp Newsletter No. 3. pp.5-6. (EVK1-CT-2001-00096)

Fogelberg, S., Arheimer, B., Venohr, M. and Behrendt, H.
Catchment Modelling of Nitrogen Flow with two Different Conceptual Models. In: Järvet, Ä (Ed.) Proceedings of XXIII Nordic Hydrologic Conference, Tallin, 8-12 Aug. 2004. Nordic Hydrological Programme Reports 48:149-158, Tartu.

Gidhagen, L.
Emissions, dynamics and dispersion of particles in polluted air. Doctoral thesis in meteorology, Stockholm University, abstract available at http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48

Gidhagen, L., Johansson, C., Langner, J., Olivares, G.
Simulations of NOx and ultrafine particles in a street canyon in Stockholm, Sweden. Atmos. Environ. 38, 2029-2044.

Gidhagen, L., Johansson, C., Omstedt, G., Langner, J. and Olivares, G.,
Model simulations of NOx and ultrafine particles close to a Swedish highway. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 6730-6740.

Gjertsen, U., Salek, M., and Michelson, D. B.,
Gauge-adjustment of radar-based precipitation estimates. COST 717 EUR 21363 EN, Luxembourg. 33 pp.

Gjertsen, U., Salek M., and Michelson, D. B.
Gauge-adjustment of radar-based precipitation estimates in Europe. Proc. ERAD (2004), Copernicus GmbH, Berlin, p. 7-11

Graham, L.P.
Climate Change Effects on River Flow to the Baltic Sea. Ambio 33:4-5, 235-241.

Graham, L.P.
Using multiple RCM simulations to investigate climate change effects on river flow to the Baltic Sea. In: H.-J. Isemer (ed.) Proceedings from Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX. Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, 24-28 May 2004. International BALTEX Secretariat 164-165.

Graßl, H., Gryning, S.-E., Isemer, H.-J., Omstedt, A., Rosbjerg, D. and Rummukainen, M.
Science Plan for BALTEX Phase II 2003-2012. Publication No. 28, International BALTEX Secretariat, Geesthacht, Germany, 43 pp. (ISSN 1681-6471)

Haase, G. and Landelius, T.
De-aliasing of Doppler Radar Velocities Using a Torus Mapping. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 21, 1566-1573.

Haase, G. and Landelius, T.
MESAN – Mesoscale Analysis of Total Cloud Cover. In: Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, 24-28 May, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Publication No. 29, International BALTEX Secretariat, Geesthacht, Germany, 50-51.

Haase, G., Landelius, T. and Michelson, D. B.
Impact of a novel de-aliasing strategy on the quality of Doppler radar wind profiles and super-observations used for data assimilation. Proc. ERAD (2004). 174-177. Copernicus GmbH.

Hai Bui, T., Lenz, R. and Landelius, T.
Group theoretical investigations of daylight spectra. IS&T Reporter, 19:3, 1-6.

Hisdal, H., Holmqvist, E., Kuusisto, E., Lindström, G. and Roald, L.A.
Has streamflow changed in the Nordic countries? Contribution to the Nordic Hydrological Conference in Tallinn, Estonia, August 2004. NHP Report No. 48, pp. 633-643.

Jones, C. G., Willén, U., Ullerstig, A. and Hansson, U.
The Rossby Centre Regional Atmospheric Climate Model Part I: Model Climatology and Performance for the Present Climate over Europe. Ambio 33:4-5, 199-210.

Jones, C. G., Wyser, K., Ullerstig, A. and Willén, U.
The Rossby Centre Regional Atmospheric Climate model Part II: Application to the Arctic Climate. Ambio 33:4-5, 211-220.

Jonsson, P., Bennet, C., Eliasson, I and Selin Lindgren, E.
Suspended particulate matter and its relations to the urban climate in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Atmospheric Environment 38, 4175-4181.

Joro, S. and Dybbroe, A.
Validating the CTTH product using weather radar data. NWCSAF Visiting Scientist Report, Reports Meteorologi n.112, SMHI Folborgsvägen 1, SE-60176 Norrköping, Sweden. Available from Eumetsat at http://www.eumetsat.de/.

Josefsson, W.
UV-radiation measured in Norrköping 1983-2003, SMHI Meteorologi Nr 114, ISSN 0283-7730.

Josefsson, W.
Mätningar av UV-strålning i Norrköping 1983-2003, Strålskyddsnytt, s. 5-7. Statens strålskyddsinstitut, SSI, 171 16 Stockholm, ISSN 0280-0357

Karlsson, K.-G., Jones, C., Willén and Wyser, K.,
Use of a high-resolution cloud climate data set for validation of Rossby Centre climate simulations, Proc.2004 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 31 May – 4 June 2004, EUMETSAT EUM P 41, 465-473.

Karlsson, K.-G., Jones, C., Willén, U. and Wyser, K.
Evaluation of RCA cloud climate simulations using the 1991-2000 SCANDIA climatology, Project report of Swedish National Space Board research contracts 125/99 and 196/00, pp 41.

Kjellström, E.
Present-Day and Future Precipitation in the Baltic Region as Simulated in Regionl Climate Models. In: Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, 24-28 May, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Publication No. 29, International BALTEX Secretariat, Geesthacht, Germany, 167-168.

Kjellström, E.
Recent and Future Signatures of Climate Change in Europe. Ambio 33:4-5, 193-198.

Landelius, T.
Visualization at SMHI. In: The Annual SIGRAD Conference Special Theme – Environmental Visualization, Gävle, Sweden, 24-25 November, 2004, 3-4.

Langner, J., Bergström, R., Klein, T. and Skagerström, M.
Nuläge och scenarier för inverkan på marknära ozon av emissioner från Västra Götalands län. Beräkningar för 1999. SMHI Rapport Meteorologi 117.

Lindkvist,T., Andersson, J., Björkert D. och Gyllander, A.
Djupdata för havsområden, SMHI oceanografi nr 73 2003 (distribuerad2004)

Lindskog, M., Salonen, K., Järvinen, H., and Michelson D. B.
Doppler radar wind data assimilation with HIRLAM 3D-Var. Mon. Wea. Rev. 5, 1081-1092.

Lindström, G. and Alexandersson, H.
Recent mild and wet years in relation to observation records and future climate change in Sweden. Ambio 33:4-5, 183-186

Lindström, G. and Bergström, S.
Runoff trends in Sweden 1807-2002. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 49, 1. 69-83.

Marmefelt, E., Olsson, H., Lindow, H., Svensson, J.
Integrerat kustzonssystem för Bohusläns skärgård. SMHI Oceanografi Nr 76, Norrköping.

Meier, H. E. M.
Quantification of residence times in the Baltic Sea - a challenge for 3D numerical modelling. In: Progress Report NSC 2003, National Supercomputer Centre at Linköpings universitet, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden, 113-118.

Meier, H. E. M., Broman, B. and Kjellström, E.
Modelling sea level variability in different climates of the Baltic Sea. In: Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, 24-28 May, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Publication No. 29, International BALTEX Secretariat, Geesthacht, Germany, 170-171.

Meier, H. E.. M., Broman, B. and Kjellström, E.
Simulated sea level in past and future climates of the Baltic Sea. Clim. Res. 27, 59-75.

Meier, H. E. M., Döscher, R. and Halkka, A.
Simulated Distributions of Baltic Sea-ice in Warming Climate and Consequences for the Winter Habitat of the Baltic Ringed Seal. Ambio 33:4-5, 249-256.

Meier, H. E. M. and Kauker, F.
Response of a two-layer estuary to freshwater inflow and wind: a case study of the Baltic Sea. In: J. Cote (ed.), Research activities in atmospheric and oceanic modelling. WMO-ICSU-IOC Joint Committee for the World Climate Research Programme, WMO Commission for atmospheric sciences, CAS/JSC working group on numerical experimentation, sec.8, 13-14

Meier, H. E. M., and Kauker, F.
What causes stagnation of the Baltic Sea deepwater? In: Proceedings of the fourth study conference on BALTEX, Ed.: H.-J. Isemer, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, May 24-28, 2004. International BALTEX Secretariat publication series No.29, GKSS, Geesthacht, Germany, 134-135.

Meier, H. E. M., Döscher, R., Broman, B. and Piechura, J.
The major Baltic inflow in January 2003 and preconditioning by smaller inflows in summer/autumn 2002: a model study. Oceanologia, 46, 557-579.

Michelson, D. B. and Sunhede, D.
Spurious weather radar echo identification and removal using multisource temperature information. Meteorol. Appl. Vol. 11, p. 1-14

Michelson D. B.
Systematic correction of precipitation gauge observations using analyzed meteorological variables. J. Hydrol. 290, 161-177.

Michelson D. B., Landelius T., Jones C. G., and Collier C. G.
Attempts to parameterize cloud water profiles using a neural network. Atm. Sci. Lett.., 5:7. Electronic journal at Wiley InterScience.

Michelson D., Einfalt, T., Holleman, I., Gjertsen, U., Friedrich, K., Haase, G., Lindskog, M and Jurczyk, A.
Weather Radar Data Quality in Europe: Quality Control and Characterization. COST 717 Working Document WDD_MC_200403_1. 85 pp. Available from http://www.smhi.se/cost717/

Omstedt, G., Johansson, C. and Gidhagen, L.
Air quality dispersion modelling of wood smoke emissions in residential areas in Sweden. Proceeding of 9th International Conference on Harmonization within atmospheric dispersion modelling for regulatory purposes. Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany 1-4 June, 2004.

Olsson, J., Uvo, C. B., Jinno, K., Kawamura, A., Nishiyama, K., Koreeda, N., Nakashima, T. and Morita, O.
Neural networks for rainfall forecasting by atmospheric downscaling, J. Hydrol. Eng., 9, 1-12, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(2004)9:1(1).

Olsson, J., Johansson, B., and Fogelberg, S.
Tests of radar-observed precipitation in the HBV model, Proceedings of Third European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, 6-10 September, Visby, Sweden, 31.

Olsson, J., Scholten, H., Arheimer, B., and Andersson, L.
Quality assurance support tool for catchment-based modelling: a test on the HBV-NP model for eutrophication assessment, Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Diffuse/Nonpoint Pollution, 24-29 October, Kyoto, Japan, 241-248.

Pers, B. C.
Climate change effects simulated with a lake model. In: Proceedings of the 8th European Workshop on Physical Processes In Natural Waters, Lund, Sweden, 29 August – 1 September 2004, Eds: L. Bengtsson and O A. Maher, Dept of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Sweden, 127-138.

Persson, A.
På 50-talet hade vi i alla fall tur med vädret (om Sveriges pionjärinsats för numeriska väderprognoser), SvD Under strecket 12 augusti 2004, sid 6.

Persson, A.
Stormigt då väderprognoser blev vetenskap (om Vilhelm Bjerknes historiska anförande 1903), SvD Under strecket 26 oktober 2004, sid 9.

Persson, A.
Newton och äpplet (om corioliseffekten på fallande föremål), Allt om Vetenskap, No 7 Okt 2004 sid 23-27.

Persson, A.
Corioliseffekten, Fysikaktuellt, Sv Fysikersamfundet, No 3, Oktober 2004 sid 7-10 (+omslagsbild) (granskad av professorer!!!)

Persson, A.
The Coriolis force and the subtropical jet, part 2 (answer to Carlos Bergmann), WEATHER, April 2004, pp.192-193.

Persson, G.
How much does it rain? In: Water research - what´s next? Ed: B. Johansson, Formas, Stockholm, Sweden, 15-18.

Persson, G., Graham, L. P., Andreasson, J., and Meier, H. E. M.
Impact of climate change effects on sea-level rise in combination with an altered river flow in the Lake Mälar Region. In: Proceedings of the fourth study conference on BALTEX, Ed.: H.-J. Isemer, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, May 24-28, 2004. International BALTEX Secretariat publication series No.29, GKSS, Geesthacht, Germany, 172-173.

Politis, K and Robertson, L.
Bayesian updating of atmospheric dispersion after a nuclear accident. Appl. Statist. 53, 583-600.

Robertson, L.
Extended back-trajectories by means of adjoint equations, RMK No. 105, 37 pp.

Rummukainen, M.
Recent development of a Regional Air/Land Surface/Sea/Ice Coupling Modeling system, "the RCAO experience". In: Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, 24-28 May, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Publication No. 29, International BALTEX Secretariat, Geesthacht, Germany, 148-149.

Rummukainen, M. och Kjellström, E.
Vi har energi att förändra klimatet. Hur står det till med energi att lösa klimatproblemen? I G. Blücher och G.Graninger (red.): Krävs energi i samhällsplaneringen? En antologi. Stiftelsen Vadstena forum för samhällsbyggande. Roland Offset, Linköping, s. 21-28.

Rummukainen, M., Bergström, S., Persson, G., Rodhe, J. and Tjernström, M.
The Swedish Regional Climate Modelling Programme, SWECLIM: A review. Ambio 33:4-5, 176-182.

Sahlberg, J.
Physical control of primary production in a sub-arctic reservoir. Doctoral Thesis, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Linköping Univeristy, Sweden.

Saltikoff, E., Gjertsen, U., Michelson, D., Holleman, I., Seltmann, J., Odakivi, K., Huuskonen, A., Hohti, H., Koistinen, J., Pohjola, H. and Haase, G.
Radar data quality issues in Northern Europe. Proc. ERAD. 212-215. Copernicus GmbH.

SEAREG 2004. Nyhetsbrev Årgång 1 Nummer 1, januari 2004. Tillgänglig på http://www.smhi.se/sgn0106/if/rc/projects/SEAREG.html

SEAREG 2004. Nyhetsbrev Årgång 1 Nummer 2, maj 2004. Tillgänglig på http://www.smhi.se/sgn0106/if/rc/projects/SEAREG.html

SEAREG 2004. Nyhetsbrev Årgång 1 Nummer 3, november 2004. Tillgänglig på http://www.smhi.se/sgn0106/if/rc/projects/SEAREG.html

Thoss, A., and Dybbroe, A.
Scientific User Manual for the AVHRR/AMSU cloud and precipitation products of the NWCSAF. Available at http://nwcsaf.inm.es. Code = SAF-NWC-IOP-SMHIPPS-SW-SUM-2_v1.0.0. pp 89.

van Loon, M., Roemer, M.G.M., Builtjes, P.J.H, Bessagnet, B., Rouil, L., Christensen, J., Brandt, J., Fagerli, H., Tarrason, L., Rodgers, I., Teasdale, I., Stern, R., Bergström, R., Langner, J., and Foltescu, V.
MODEL INTER-COMPARISON In the framework of the review of the Unified EMEP model TNO-report R2004/282, 53pp. www.mep.tno.nl.

Willén, U.
Comparison of model and cloud radar derived cloud vertical structure and overlap for the BALTEX BRIDGE Campaign. In: Fourth Study Conference on BALTEX, Gudhjem, Bornholm, Denmark, 24-28 May, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Publication No. 29, International BALTEX Secretariat, Geesthacht, Germany, 18.

Willén, U. and Crewell. S.
Comparison of model and cloud radar derived cloud vertical structure and overlap. In: 14th International conference on clouds and precipitation, Bologna, Italy, 19-23 July, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Vol 2, 1434-1437.

Wyser, K., Jones, C. G. and Willén, U.
Modelling clouds and radiation in the ARctic. In: 14th International conference on clouds and precipitation, Bologna, Italy, 19-23 July, 2004. Conference Proceedings. Vol 2, 1442-1445.

Wyser, K., Döscher, R., Meier, H. E. M. and Jones, C. G.
Development of a coupled regional climate model for the Arctic. In: Progress Report NSC 2003, National Supercomputer Centre at Linköpings universitet, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden, 163-165.

Wyser, K., Döscher, R., Meier, H. E. M. and Jones, C. G.
Development of a coupled regional climate model for the Arctic. In: WGNE Blue Book 2004, http://www.cmc.ec.gc.ca/rpn/wgne/

Zagar, N., Gustafsson, N. and Källén, E.
Dynamical response of equatorial waves in four-dimensional variational data assimilation. Tellus, 56A, 29-46.

Zagar, N., Gustafsson, N. and Källén, E.
Variational data assimilation in the tropics: the impact of a background error constraint. Q.J.R Meteorol. Soc., 130, 103-125.