An array of uncertainties surrounds climate change. These include uncertainties emanating from the limits of current knowledge on the climate, especially at the local scale, and which affect model reliability. Other uncertainties come from natural climate variability, unquantifiable future greenhouse gas emissions of sovereign states, and difficulty in assessing the impacts of current emission levels which could have significant consequences over a long time scale. All these complexities need to be taken into consideration when making decisions. Most hydrological, meteorological and climate centres in developing countries lack the tools to deal with such complexities and are, at the moment, limited to tackling short to medium scale problems. As such, there is need for building more a robust climate scale information service structure to help cope with the demands of a changing climate.
Such information structure will take into cognizance the intrinsic link between water and climate and provide a holistic approach to tackling water related adaptation issues on a climate scale. Thus, it will not only achieve progress in improving the quality of regional climate model information but will also address current hurdles to knowledge exchange, leading to more informed policy decisions and enabling developing communities to reduce risks, increase resilience and achieve sustainable growth in a changing climate.
SMHI research climate change
The accurate communication of information is as important as generating such information and our climate services places an emphasis on climate change communication. At SMHI, we carry out scientific research on climate change at the Rossby Centre, and at the Knowledge Centre, we investigate factors that influence the knowledge of climate change such as government policies and human behavioral factors. We also cooperate with national and regional bodies as well as civil society in communicating climate change.