Research Projects

SMHI oceanographic research unit is involved in many national and international projects to develop and link ocean modeling and observations to core services and to fundamental research questions including historical reconstructions and climate change in the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Arctic regions.

Ongoing projects

ARCPATH: How can Arctic climate projections be improved on a regional and local scale? That is one of the main topics that the Nordic Centre of Excellence funded project ARCPATH seeks to answer.How can Arctic climate projections be improved on a regional and local scale? That is one of the main topics that the Nordic Centre of Excellence funded project ARCPATH seeks to answer.

Baltic Sea – Effect of a natural Baltic oxygenation-deoxygenation cycle. An in situ observation and modelling study of the effect of a natural Baltic oxygenation-deoxygenation cycle on benthic recycling of P, N, Si and C.

BONUS BalticAPP: well-being from the Baltic Sea – applications combining natural science and economics is a project funded by the Bonus program that aims to project the future evolution of the Baltic Sea ecosystem under consistent scenarios detailing various climate and nutrient load changes.

BONUS BIO-C3 will investigate causes of changes in biodiversity, emphasizing effects on ecosystem functioning and implications for environmental management. Period: 2014-2017. Contact SMHI: Helén Andersson.    

BONUS COCOA aim to identify major pathways of nutrients and organic material in various coastal ecosystems around the Baltic Sea. Period: 2014-2017. SMHI Contact: Elin Almroth Rosell.

EU Horizon 2020 CRESCENDO aims to improve the marine biogeochemistry in the EC-Earth earthsystem model. Period: 2015-2019. SMHI contact: Matthias Gröger (FoUo).

EU Horizon 2020 JERICO-NEXT aim to improve observations of the status of Europe's coastal waters by linking existing observation systems and developing new methods. Period: 2015-2019. SMHI contact: Bengt Karlson.

Formas NFIX project will estimate Nitrogen FIXation in past and future climates of the Baltic Sea. Period: 2014-2017. SMHI Contact: Kari Eilola

Helcom Seatrack Web develops a system for tracking oil spills and other hazardous substances and is used by authorities around the Baltic Sea. SMHI contact: Anders Höglund.

AcademyOfFinland Smart Sea will support the growth of commercial marine activities in the Gulf of Bothnia region. The key idea is that sustainable growth can only be attained by planning the use of sea areas wisely. Period: 2015-2020. SMHI Contact: Kari Eilola

Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) Hazard Support Researchers shall improve knowledge concerning the information that early climate change adopters require to be able to make decisions. This, in its turn, shall stimulate more effective decision-making about climate adaptation. Period: 2015-2019. SMHI Contact: Helén Andersson.

Vattenförvaltningen is an internal project at the SMHI aimed at maintaining and developing good services at The vattenweb website supports the management of Swedish water bodies by making measurements and model data available to decision makers and the public. Research topics are sustainable use of water resources, contaminants, and good ecological status.

Vetenskapsrådet Fyrskepp aim to reconstruct and project Baltic Sea climate variability in the period 1850-2100 using long records of recently digitized lightship data and employing a high-resolution regional climate model for attribution studies. Period: 2013-

Vetenskapsrådet Baltic natural oxygenation project will determine effects of natural oxygenation of previously anoxic bottoms of the Baltic proper, and the subsequent return to anoxia, on the capacity of sediments to recycle/sequester biogenic elements.


Formas Fosfor study the impact of accelerated future global mean sea level rise on the phosphorus cycle in the Baltic Sea.

Formas North Sea study the impact of changing climate on circulation and biogeochemical cycles of the integrated North Sea and Baltic Sea system.

BONUS ECOSUPPORT study the combined impact of climate change and nutrient loads on the marine ecosystem of the Baltic sea.

EU MyOcean 2 aim of the project is to deliver and operate a sustainable ocean monitoring and forecasting system to users for all marine applications.

FORMAS ADSIMNOR aims to improve the understanding of climate change in the Arctic and its impacts in northern Sweden.

BEAM is a research program on ecosystem-based management of the Baltic Sea. It coordinates existing projects and incorporates different disciplines in one research program with the aim to strengthen Baltic Sea research and thus provide a better basis for policy decisions, directives and environmental targets. Research topics include Baltic Sea ecosystems, contaminants, management of natural resources and ecological models for environmental management.

EU FP7 Polar Ice develops a next generation sea ice information service by integrating and building on a wide range of European and national funded activities. Period: 2012-2015. SMHI Contact: Lars Axell

Nordforsk DEFROST aim to understand and bridge existing gaps between climate modeling, cryospheric science, and Arctic ecosystem science.

Nordforsk NorMER brings together the expertise of leading research groups from all Nordic countries, and several North American institutions, to implement a collective and multidisciplinary research strategy to explore the biological, economic, and management consequences of global climate change on fisheries resources. Period 2012-2016. SMHI Contact: Helén Andersson.

Länsförsäkringar Future Risk of Coastal flooding studies climate-change impacts on the risk of storm-surge flooding at the west coast of Sweden. 2013-2016. SMHI Contact: Helén Andersson