Research projects

SMHI hydrological research unit is involved in many national and international projects in hydrological modeling. Here below, these projects are listed alphabetically with a short summary.

Forsande vatten

Africa Links

Purpose: To develop existing and new cooperation between water scientists in Sweden and West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali, regional institutes in Niger). We will provide results and conclusions from a previous project to a larger group of scientists and users, discuss strengths and weaknesses in existing computational systems, and together formulate a new research project with the aim to improve the operational forecasts systems for floods and droughts in West Africa.
Funding: VR/Research Links
Period: 2015-2017
Participants: SMHI (coordinator), Dr Pleah, OICM (Mali), Dr Ali, AGRHYMET (regional center, Niger)
Contact SMHI: Jafet Andersson and Berit Arheimer

Assimilation of raw satellite radiances in hydrological and meteorological models

Purpose: The main objective of this project is to make progress in km-scale numerical weather prediction and hydrological predictions by enhancing the description of the surface initial model state with the use of remote sensing data. We will directly assimilate the raw radiance and backscatter data of surface properties with modern data assimilation methods such as ensemble Kalman filters. On the longer term we foresee a fully integrated meteorological-hydrological forecasting system and this project include some first steps towards such an integrated system.
Funding: Swedish National Space Board
Period: 2015-2017 (3 years)
Participants: SMHI Research hydrology and Research Meteorology
Contact SMHI: David Gustafsson (hydrology) and Tomas Landelius (meteorology)


Purpose: Demonstrate an operational climate service and its use for the energy sector. SMHI’s consulting department (APh) together with the hydrological research unit (FoUh) will produce and analyse seasonal forecasts and climate scenarios for all of Europe as well as develop commercial products to simulate the potential energy from hydropower in Twh.
Funding: Copernicus
Contacts SMHI: Barbro Johansson (Aph), Chantal Donnelly (FoUh)


Purpose: CryoLand aims to develop, implement and evaluate a standardized and sustainable service to provide spatial information on snow, glaciers, and ice on lakes and rivers throughout Europe and other requested continents.
Funded by: EU FP7, Space Research and Development
Period: 2011 - 2015
Participants: EOX IT Services GmbH (Austria), ENVEO IT GmbH (Austria), Finnish Environment Institute (Finland), Finnish Meteorological Institute (Finland), Kongsberg Satellite Services AS (Norway), Northern Research Institute Tromsø (Norway), Norsk Regnesentral ( Norway), Administratia Nationala Meteorologie The RA (Romania), Gamma Remote Sensing Research and Consulting AG (Switzerland)
Contact SMHI: David Gustafsson


Purpose: Climate Impact Study for the Arab world. In the Arab region is fresh water a limited resource. How will climate change affect water resources there in the future? SMHI has contracted to do the Arab states first hydrological climate impact study covering the whole region. Project leader is Phil Graham, SMHI.
Funded by: ESCWA (with grant from SIDA)
Period: 2011-2015
Participants: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), League of Arab States (LAS), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD), World Metrological Organization (WMO), United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)
Project leader at SMHI: Phil Graham
Contact SMHI: Jafet Andersson


Purpose: The project (EUropean Provision Of Regional Impact Assessment on a Seasonal-to-decadal timescale) will develop and deliver reliable predictions of the impacts of future climatic conditions on a number of key sectors (water, energy, health, transport, agriculture and tourism), on timescales from seasons to years ahead. As a result, EUPORIAS will provide the basis for developing a strong climate service market within Europe.
Funded by: European Commission under the FP7
Period: 2012-2016
Participants: SMHI and many other institutions (see webpage)
Contact SMHI: Ilias Pechlivanidis


Purpose: To deepen a mechanistic understanding of fire ignition and fire causes conditioned to Swedish fuel beds and their connection to weather conditions. The present weather-driven risk model is to be improved and used to assess future fire load under changing climate. An investigation of present national preparedness to deal with large fire incidents and an assessment of future needs for mitigation and response tactics are also to be studied. SMHI hydrological research contributes to develop present weather-driven risk model and downscale climate variables (i.e. precipitation, temperature, relative humidity and wind speed) to carry out climate change impact study over the whole Sweden.
Funded by: MSB (i.e. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap)
Period: 2012-2015
Participants: SLU (coordinates), and SP (i.e. Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut)
Contact SMHI: Wei Yang

Great fire in Västmanland 2014

Purpose: To quantify the effects on water flow of the great fire of Västmanland in 2014: (1 ) What is the impact of the fire and similar events in hydrology at different scales; in a local basin respectively . larger streams? (2) how long does the hydrological change in the measured time series at different scales? (3) how big is the effect compared with other observed changes in hydrology in Sweden caused by land use regulations or climate?
Funding: FORMAS
Period: 2014-2016
Participants: SMHI
Contact SMHI: Johan Strömqvist and Berit Arheimer


Purpose: Researchers shall improve knowledge concerning the information that early climate change adopters require to be able to make decisions. This, in its turn, shall stimulate more effective decision-making about climate adaptation.
Funding: MSB - Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Participants: SMHI, SEI, Swedish National Knowledge Centre for Climate Change Adaptation
Contact SMHI: Chantal Donnelly
Link: HazardSupport

Hydro TEP – Hydrology Thematic Exploitation Platform

Purpose: Develop a cloud service for processing and exploitation of earth observation data in hydrological applications including assimilation in hydrological models The project involve pilot studies in Niger River basin and Red River in Vietnam. SMHI contribute with hydrological modelling service for the TEP platform and coordinate the Niger Pilot study with users from national and regional institutes in the Niger River basin.
Funding: European Space Agency
Period: 2015-2017
Participants: SMHI Research Hydrology, IsardSAT (Spain, coordinators), EOMAP (Germany), TU Delft (Netherlands), DEIMOS (Portugal), Altamira (Spain), Terradue (Italy)
Contact SMHI: Jafet Andersson, Lena Strömbäck, Tharcisse Ndayizigiye, David Gustafsson, Berit Arheimer
Link: Hydro-TEP

IMPREX - IMproving PRedictions and management of hydrological EXtremes

Purpose: IMPREX is designed to support the reduction of Europe’s vulnerability to extreme hydrological events through improved understanding of the intensity and frequency of future disrupting features that may be very different from today’s reality. By combining expertise from both public and private sector, the IMPREX project consortium aims to bridge the gap that often exists between users and providers of hydro-climatic information. The goal is to substantially improve our forecasting capability of hydrological extremes and their impacts at short to seasonal time scales. SMHI contributes with development of meteorological and hydrological forecast systems, as well as a case study involving hydropower users in Sweden, France, Spain and Italy. 
Funding: EU Horizon2020
Period: 2015 (Dec)-2019
Participants: IMPREX is coordinated by KNME (Netherlands) and has 23 partners representing European and national meteorological and hydrological institutes as well as small and medium sized companies within EU.
Contact SMHI: Erik Kjellström (SMHI coordinator, climate modelling), Ilias Pechlivanidis and David Gustafsson (hydrology), Tomas Landelius and Magnus Lindskog (numerical weather prediction).


Purpose: The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP) aims to assess impacts across sectors and scales through common input datasets, scenarios and focus regions. ISI-MIP phase 2 focuses on model validation and improvement with respect to variability and extreme events at 11 focus regions around the globe. SMHI contributes at the water sector with results from E-HYPE, Arctic-HYPE, India-HYPE and Niger-HYPE at 6 focus regions.
Participants: 16 international participants in the water sector
Contact SMHI: Ilias Pechlivanidis
Link: ISI-MIP2


Purpose: The MicroP project aims to explore the potential to measure precipitation with microwave links in mobile telecommunication networks. In MicroP, we (1) collect microwave data from an operational network in Sweden, (2) calculate precipitation from this data, and (3) evaluate the information relative to conventional methods (e.g. stations and radar).
Funding: SMHI, Ericsson
Period: 2015
Participants: SMHI, Ericsson
Contact SMHI: Jafet Andersson


Purpose: MIRACLE aims for developing new solutions to minimise eutrophication in the Baltic Sea Basin (BSR). New governance methods will be developed which build on integrating new stakeholders and linking to related sectors in order to create new mutual benefits in an integrated governance framework. SMHI contributes with model simulations for the BSR and hydrological model knowledge transfer.
Funding: BONUS
Period: 2015-2017
Participants: LiU (Coordinator), POMinnO (PL), Institute of Meteorology and Water Management (PL), Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut (GER), UFZ (GER), University of Latvia (LV), Latvia University of Agriculture (LV), University of Copenhagen (DK), SMHI,  SEI,  Uppsala University
Contact SMHI: René Capell
Link: Miracle

Model development, hazardous substances

Purpose: To develop methods for transport of hazardous substances, both within the HYPE model and within the simplified NET model.                   
Funding: SMHI, Water Framework Directive support
Period: continuous work
Participants: SMHI
Contact SMHI: Göran Lindström, Johan Strömqvist, René Capell

Model development, human impact on stream water flow

Purpose: To improve the description of discharge and human impact in water courses and lakes, with focus on regulations and water diversions.  
Funding: SMHI, Water Framework Directive support
Period: continuous work
Participants: SMHI
Contact SMHI: Göran Lindström, Charlotta Pers

Model update with terrestrial and satellite based snow information

Purpose: The aim of this project is to develop better methods to utilize satellite-based snow observations and SMHI snow depth measurements to improve snow and runoff forecasts in Swedish mountain and forest areas. Model Updating is done both with data assimilation techniques (Ensemble Kalman Filter) and more simpler and direct update methodology.
Period: 2013-2015
Participants: SMHI (Fouh och A)
Contact SMHI: David Gustafsson, Göran Lindström och Joel Dahné
Link: Model update of snow (HUVA)(sv)

Multi model seasonal forecasts (HUVA)

Purpose: To develop multi model methods to improve hydrological seasonal forecasts.
Funding: HUVA
Period: 2012-2015
Participants: SMHI, LTH
Contact SMHI: Kean Foster

Pathogens in water

Purpose: To develop a module for simulation of growth and transport of pathogens for the HYPE model, and to test this module in different scenarios in a number of test catchments.                                                        
Funding: Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)
Period: 2014-2016
Participants: SMHI, National Veterinary Institute, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology
Contact SMHI: Göran Lindström, Johan Strömqvist, Charlotta Pers

SHAPE - The Sentinel-3 Hydrologic Altimetry Processor prototypE

Purpose: Overall project aim is to prepare for the operational exploitation of altimetry data from the upcoming ESA Sentinel-3 satellite in hydrological applications. The project will develop and test new optimized algorithms for processing of satellite based altimetry data and assimilation in hydrological models for improved information on river stage and discharge, and lake water level. SMHI will contribute to the project by assimilation of water level data in the HYPE model and evaluation of the resulting “Alti-hydro” products in selected case study areas. The potential study areas include the Amazon River in South America, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers in South Asia, Niger River in Africa, Danube River in Europe, Ob River in Ryssland, as well as a number of lakes, for instance Lake Vänern in Sweden.
Funding: European Space Agency (ESA)
Period: September 2015 – September 2017 (24 months)
Participants: Along-Track (France, project lead), SMHI (FoUh), IsardSAT (UK/Spain), University of Porto (Portugal) 
Contact SMHI: David Gustafsson, Berit Arheimer


Purpose: To improve policies and measures for reducing nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea and coastal waters by identifying cost-effective and regionally differentiated regulation approaches. In order to achieve load reduction goals, additional new and innovative measures are required and Soils2Sea aims at utilising local information and find locally designed and optimised solutions relating to prevalent nutrient retention volumes and release time scales. SMHI hydrological research contributes with Baltic Sea basin scale model assessment of basin-wide impacts of new nutrient load regulation strategies and land cover and climate changes on total riverine nutrient loading to the Baltic Sea.
Funded by: BONUS Call 2012: Viable Ecosystem
Period: 2014-2017
Participants: GEUS (coordinates), and 7 partners from Europe
Contact SMHI: René Capell, Chantal Donnelly


Purpose: SOLUTIONS (Solutions for present and future emerging pollutants in land and water resources) general objective is to collect information about the land and water systems of Europe to set up simulations for emerging pollutants. SMHI provide data on catchment geometry and water balance components from E-HYPE.
Funding: EU FP7
Period: 2013-2018 
Participants: see webpage, SMHI is a subcontractor.
Contact SMHI: Charlotta Pers


Purpose: To provide a ”proof-of-concept” for a pan-European climate service in water management. The service will be web-based and contain a large number of indicators, mainly to be used by consultancies for climate adaptation in operational management and policy making. The content and web-design are based on 15 real case-studies across Europe, for which user-uptake and benefits for decision-making will also be evaluated.
Finansiär: Copernicus/ECMWF
Period: 2015-2017
Deltagare: SMHI with 10 subcontractors and 3 in-kind partners from across Europe
Kontakt FoUh: Berit Arheimer, Lorna Little


Purpose: To show how open data can stimulate research and product development. The project will develop research infrastructure and commercial products for water management in Europe by establishing a portal with a Virtual Water Research Laboratory, 14 commercial products , searching abilities among open data and the opportunity for dialogue between different interest groups. SMHI Hydrological research helps with coordination, project management , building IT infrastructure , design and execution of research experiments in the laboratory and the development of commercial products linked to the E- HYPE.
Funded by: EU FP7 Environment
Period: 2013-2017
Participants: SMHI (coordinates), and 14 partners from Europe.
Contact SMHI: Berit Arheimer, Lorna Little

SPECS, Case study - Ångermanälven

Purpose: Evaluation of new seasonal meteorological forecasts as input to operational hydrological models.
Funding: EU FP7
Period: 2012-2016
Participants: SMHI, LTH
Contact SMHI: Kean Foster

SPEX (Small-scale Precipitation EXtremes)

Purpose: To improve our knowledge on small-scale precipitation extremes and our capacity to describe them for e.g. engineering applications. A new high-resolution and high-quality data base with radar observations will be developed and used to identify, analyze and characterize extreme events.  Extreme events simulated with atmospheric models will be evaluated. The hydrological response to different descriptions of small-scale extremes will be analyzed through high-resolution hydrological modelling. An end-user study will be performed aiming at finding out how extremes are handled today in different practical engineering applications and the conceived limitations and needs.
Funding: Swedish Research Council, Formas
Period: 2016-2018
Participants: SMHI (FoUh and FoUa), SGI
Contact SMHI: Peter Berg


Purpose: UERRA stands for Uncertainties in Ensembles of Regional Reanalyses and aims to create an ensemble of regional re-analyzes for Europe. Within FoUh we will use the E-HYPE as a tool for verifying the regional breakdowns of precipitation for the members of the ensemble for different catchments.
Funding: EU FP7
Period: 2014-2017
Participants: 12 partners from across Europe
Contact SMHI: Peter Berg

Urban-SIS (Climate information for European Cities)

Purpose: To produce high-resolution meteorological, air quality and hydrological data for urban climate change impact assessment. A range of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) will be produced with 1x1 km2 resolution in 150x150 km2 domains covering European cities. From the ECVs, key impact indicators will be calculated to assist planners and decision makers. Impacts focus mainly in infrastructure and health and the concept will be demonstrated in Stockholm, Bologna and Amsterdam/Rotterdam. Various end-users involved in the project will evaluate the products using local models.
Funding: EU Copernicus
Period: 2016-2017
Participants: SMHI, Umeå University, University of Reading, University of Bologna, ARPA (IT), WSP (SE), Veryday (SE)
Contact SMHI: Lena Strömbäck
Link: Urban-SIS


Purpose:WaterRain-Him aims to assess the impacts on water fluxes due to change in climate, land use and population in the Indian-Himalayan basins, i.e. Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra. Adaptation strategies will be developed to drive planning for proper and efficient water resources management for food security and poverty alleviation.
Funding: VR
Period: 2015-2017
Participants: SMHI, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), India’s National Institute of Hydrology (NIH), Indian Institute of Technology-New Delhi (IIT-New Delhi)
Contact SMHI: Ilias Pechlivanidis
Link: WaterRain-Him

Wind information in PTHBV (HUVA)

Purpose: The aim of this project is to evaluate the use of current wind information in pTHBV for the period 2000-2011, and to study how the spatial distribution of the snow model and division into classes (wind exposure, topography and vegetation) influence the effect of wind information in pTHBV.
Period: 2013-2015
Participants: SMHI (FoUh and A)
Contact SMHI: Barbro Johansson, Joel Dahné och David Gustafsson
Link: Wind information in PTHBV (HUVA)



Intense rainfall and hydrological risk

Purpose: Local extreme flooding caused by local intense rainfall of short duration causes problems in Sweden, which may further increase in a future, warmer climate. It is therefore important to analyse this type of events, in order to increase predictability as well as preparedness. In this project, different types of precipitation observations and forecasts, with high resolution in both time and space, are investigated and combined. Further, the HYPE model is developed to better simulate fast flow processes. The final target is a pre-operational system for high-resolution flood forecasts.
Funded by: MSB
Period: 2012-2016
Participants: Karlstad University, SGI, SMHI
Contact SMHI: Jonas Olsson
Link: High-resolution precipitation forecasts for hydrological risk assessment


Purpose: To study the potential impact of a global temperature increase to +2 Celcius ("Quantifying the projected impacts below 2 ° C warming"). Primary focus is on Europe, but also focus on "vulnerable areas", which include the Niger River.
Funded by: EU FP7
Period: 2011-2015
Participants: SMHI and many other institutions (see website). Led by the Climate Service Center that is part of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht
Contact SMHI: Thomas Bosshard (WP4, downscaling), Joel Dahne (WP6, impact on Europe), Jafet Andersson (WP12, the Niger River)


Purpose: To increase knowledge about the factors that affect water variations in the Niger River basin in current and future climate . A computational model will be adapted to the processes that are most dominant for the water balance and flow paths in West Africa in collaboration with local scientists and technicians from the region. The model will be used as a virtual research laboratory where various research hypotheses are tested . For the results to come into practical use a large group of end users from Mali and Burkina Faso is participating in the project.
Funding: SIDA Uforsk
Period: 2012-2015
Participatns: AGROHYMET Regional centre on Sahelien food security, desertification control and water control & management + 10 national organisations in Mali.
Contact SMHI: Berit Arheimer och Jafet Andersson
Link: Niger-HYPE

Correction of systematic errors in meteorolgical forecasts

Aim: Accurate spring flood forecasts are important for optimal hydropower production. In this project, the possibility to improve these forecasts by correction of systematical errors in meteorological seasonal forecasts from ECMWF is investigated. Further, forecasts from the two models HBV and HYPE are compared.
Funding: HUVA
Period: 2013-2015
Participants: SMHI
Contact SMHI: Jonas Olsson


Purpose: To test operational forecasts from E-HYPE in  EFAS (European flood awareness system). As well as testing operational production, an evaluation of forecast skill will be made.
Funding: JRC
Period: 2015
Participants: SMHI (coordinator), ECMWF, JRC
Contact SMHI: Chantal Donnelly
Link: EFAS


Purpose: CLEO project aims to examine how climate change affects the ability to achieve the national environmental objectives for Fresh Air, Natural Acidification Only, Zero Eutrophication and Non-Toxic Environment.
Funding: The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Period: 2010-2012 + Phase 2, 2013-2015
Participants: IVL (Swedish Environmental Research Institute, SLU, University of Gothenburg, Stockholm University, Lund University
Contact SMHI: Berit Arheimer
Link: CLEO


Purpose: To develop tools that make it easier to make available scientific achievements in the field. Special focus is on effectively make the entire chain in the analysis available, ie, model development, calibration, operation and data analysis.
Funding: VR
Period: 2012-2014
Participants: SMHI
Contact SMHI: Lena Strömbäck


The aim of the project 'Advanced simulation of Arctic climate change and its impact on Northern Areas' is to improve the understanding of climate change in the Arctic and its effects in northern Sweden. A HYPE model (Arctic-HYPE) will be developed for the catchment area of Arctic Ocean.
Funded by: Formas
Period: 2010-2014
Participants: University of Stockholm, Lund University, Abisko Scientific Research Station and SMHI
Contact FoUh: Chantal Donnelly


Within the hydrological climate impact studies examined how climate change will affect the hydrological processes, such as flood, floods / droughts and transport of pollutants. This has a key role in a number of important public services but to be able to perform the analyzes needed better links between climate models and impact models. The project aims both to methodological improvements and efficacy studies in different scales.
Funded by: Formas
Period :2010-2014
Participants: SMHI coordinates - the other is the University of Lund and Luleå University of Technology
Contact SMHI: Jonas Olsson


Purpose: Jerico stands for Joint European Research Infrastructure of Coastal Observatories and the project will build both infrastructure and collaboration on coastal observations for oceanography. Within the project we will deploy a pan-European hydrological model to calculate real-time and continuous 10 day forecasts of water and nutrients to the seas around Europe.
Funded by: EU FP7
Period: 2011-2014
Participants: 15 partners from across Europe
Contact SMHI: Chantal Donnelly


Purpose: To develop an effective water resource management, primarily for food production. SMHI Hydrological Research contributes with a comparison of large scale estimates of flow for the whole of Europe calculated by E-HYPE compared with the local projections used in SPIDER system.
Funded by: EU FP7 Space
Period: 2010-2014
Participants: 18 partners from around the world. Universidad de Castilla-Mancha (Spain) coordinates.
Contact SMHI: Chantal Donnelly


Purpose: To develop and demonstrate local climate services in support of climate adaptation strategies in the sectors of water resources, urban areas, energy and coasts. A concept for a pan-European climate service should also be defined. SMHI hydrological research contributes to downscaling of precipitation for local impact studies and hydrological modeling on both the local and pan-European scale.
Funded by: EU FP7 Environment
Period: 2011-2013
Participants: KNMI (coordinates), and 11 partners from Europe.
Contact FoUh: Chantal Donnelly

Early warnings for drought on the local scale - can they increase resilience in local societies?

Objective: Test how a local warning system can be designed with the purpose to reducing the negative effects of drought in local sosieties in the Limpopo basin through a combination of a functioning institutional network, local definitions of the relevant index, wireless sensor networks for local measurements, and regional seasonal and decadal forecasts linked to hydrological and agricultural models.
Funding: SIDA U-Forsk
Period: 2012-2014
Participants: CSPR / TNT, Linkoping University, ISY, and local partners - the University of KwaZulu Natal and the CSIR in South Africa and Universidade Eudardo Mondlane, Mozambique.
Contact SMHI: Lotta Andersson

Modelling of Snow (HUVA)

Purpose: To develop methods for modeling of snow and precipitation, and assimilation of various types of Snow information to improve flood forecasting.
Funded by: HUVA
Period: 2012-2014
Participants: Royal Institute of Technology, LTU
Contact FoUh: David Gustafsson, Göran Lindström, M: Barbro Johansson
Link: HUVA

Climate Hydrologi in Luni River:

Purpose: The project investigates the impact of climate change on the water availability in the arid/semi-arid region of the Luni River basin, Rajasthan, using the CORDEX-SA climate projections. The aim is to represent and quantify the major hydrological variables (e.g. streamflow, surface runoff, groundwater level) and their sensitivity to climate change, which further relates to adaptation strategies for the region’s water resources.
Funded by: SIDA
Period: 2012-2013
Participants: Department of Environmental Science: Central University of Rajasthan (CURAJ)
Contact FoUh: Ilias Pechlivanidis
Link: Project website

Sea meets land

Purpose: To work together on climate, water and planning for Kattegat and Skagerrak.
Funding: Part-financed by EU Interreg
Period: 2010-2013
Participants: 24 municipalities, regions, universities and government agencies in Sweden, Norway and Denmark.
Contact FoUh: Johan Strömqvist
Link: Sea meets land

Marine Environment

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of phosphorus reducing measures
Funding: The Swedish Environment Protection Agency
Period: 2011-2012 (has been extended)
Participants: SMHI, IVL
Contact SMHI: Johan Strömqvist

North Hydrology

Aims to develop knowledge of how the river processes and the ice on the lakes affect hydrological systems, by developing and making better use of remote sensing and in situ observations of ice/snow distribution and sea surface temperature, and apply this to improved models of climate, weather and hydrology.
Funded by: European Space Agency (ESA)
Period: 2010 -2012
Participants: coordinated by the University of Waterloo (Canada). Other partners = Environment Canada (Canada), ENVEO IT GmbH (Austria), Finnish Environment Institute (Finland), Finnish Meteorological Institute (Finland), INRS - Centre Eau Terre Environment (Canada), Northern Research Institute Tromsø (Norway), Norsk Regnesentral (Norway), SMHI (Sweden)
Contact FoUh: David Gustafsson
Link: North Hydrology


Purpose: Designed to operationalize a pan-European hydrological model to estimate the 20-year history and current 10 day forecasts of water and nutrients into the sea, and validates the use of these data into oceanographic models.
Funded by: EU FP7, GMES
Period :2010-2012
Participants: coordinated by SMHI. Other partners: IMR (Institute for Marine Research, Bergen, Norway), (Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway), AZTI-Technalia (Spain), MHI (Marine Hydrographic Institute, Ukraine)
Contact FoUh: Chantal Donnelly


The purpose of the project SUDPLAN - Sustainable Urban Development Planner for Climate Change Adaptation - is to develop a web-based decision support tools for urban planning in a changing climate. SMHI hydrological research contributes to downscaling of climate signal and power modeling.
Funded by: EU FP 7, ICT
Period: 2010-2012
Participants: SMHI coordinates. Other partners = AIT Air Institute of Technology GmbH (AIT), cismet GmbH, Czech Environmental Information Agency, Apertum IT AB, German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Stockholm - Uppsala Air Quality Management Association (SULVF), City of Wuppertal, Graz University of Technology (TUG)
Contact FoUh: Jonas Olsson / Lena Strömbäck


BaltAdapt is an EU project intended to develop a macro-regional climate change adaptation strategy for the entire Baltic region, and an action plan for its implementation. The focus is on the Baltic Sea and its coastal zone.
Funded by: EU Baltic Sea Region Programme
Period: 2010-2013
Participants: Danish Meteorological Institute, Aarhus University, Department of Bioscience (former NERI), Federal Ministry for the Environment Agency (UBA), Germany, Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany, the Finnish Environmental Institute (SYKE), Finland, SMHI, University of Tartu, Estonian Marine Institute, Estonia, The Secretariate of the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS), Sweden
Contact FoUh: Lotta Andersson


Purpose: To increase coordination and availability of data for the water to meet water management needs. This is done by collecting these data in a national database and make them available to modern web services.
Funding: Water management
Period: 2008 -
Participants: SMHI, referees from the water authorities, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and other agencies.
Contact FoUh: Lena Strömbäck
Link: Results of the project is available at


The goal of GENESIS (Groundwater and Dependent Ecosystems: New Scientific and Technological Basis for Assessing Climate Change and Land-use Impacts on Ground Water) is to integrate existing and new scientific knowledge into new methods and tools for management of groundwater resources.
Funded by: EU FP 7, Environ.
Period: 2009-2013
Participants: coordinated by Bioforsk, Norway, and Oulu University, Finland. Total number of partners: 25.
Contact at FoUh: Jonas Olsson


Purpose: To assess climate change impact on water resources in the catchment area of La Plata. A HYPE model for La Plata Basin will be developed, LPB-HYPE.
Funded by: EU FP7
Period: 2008-2012
Participants: Consortium of 20 participating institutions
Contact FoUh: Johan Strömqvist


The project is linked to the EU initiative GMES - "Global Monitoring of Environment and Security 'and means that the utility of remote analyzed data for land use and other geographic variables tested. SMHI contributes to the 'Core Information Service on Water' with a pan-European water model (E-HYPE).
Funded by: EU FP7 Space
Period :2009-2012
Participants: The project coordinator is Astrium GmbH Services Germany. Total number of partners = 50.
Contact FoUh: Chantal Donnelly

Where comes the phosphorus from?

Purpose: To test new methods to quantify the distribution of flow paths and source apportionment for phosphorus and sediment losses in an agricultural dominated catchment. The methodology is based on a combination of distributed hydrological modeling and fingerprinting methodology.
Funding: The Foundation of Agricultural Research (SLF)
Period: 2009-2012
Participants: University of Linköping (IFM Biology), Östergötland County Administrative Board, SMHI
Contact FoUh: Lotta Andersson

Quantification of sources and flow pathways of phosphorus and sediment losses from catchments.

Purpose: To analyze the sources and flow paths for phosphorus in an agriculture-dominated watershed. Oxygen isotopes in phosphates are used for tracking the origin of the phosphate and O18 for the distribution of flow paths from land. These analyzes are linked to internal validation of HYPE.
Funded by: Formas
Period: 2009-2012
Participants: University of Linköping (IFM Biology), SMHI
Contact FoUh: Lotta Andersson


A principal objective of the project is how the flood risks in particularly vulnerable areas could be reduced in light of climate change.
Funding: European Union through the Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme
Period: 2008-2011
Participants: A total of about 30 partners from the Netherlands, Britain, Norway, Sweden, Belgium and Germany.
Contact FoUh: Jonas Olsson

Participatory modelling for facilitationg adaption to climate change (VR)

Purpose: To develop, analyze and communicate results from PAMO research project, funded by Sida / SAREC
Funding: VR
Period: 2009-2012
Participants: SMHI / CSPR, the University of Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa
Contact FoUh: Lotta Andersson

Liming in Vindån, Sweden

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of structural liming on phosphorus losses from agricultural land.
Funding: The Agricultural Society in Östergötland, Sweden.
Period: 2011-2012
Participants: Agricultural Society, farmers
Contact FoUh: Göran Lindström


The project aims to create better understanding and the conditions for adopting the actions for adaptation. The work at SMHI hydrological research includes both estimates of future changes in local rainfall, and simulations of the impacts in terms of runoff and flooding in urban areas.
Funding: Mistra
Period :2008-2011
Participants: SMHI coordinates - the other partners are the University of Lund, Stockholm University and Stockholm Environment Institute.
Contact at FoUh: Jonas Olsson


CPA (Climate Proof Areas) is an international project on climate change and how a region can adapt to increased flood risk.
Funded by: EU Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme
Period: 2008-2011
Participants: A total of about 30 partners from the Netherlands, Britain, Norway, Sweden, Belgium and Germany.
Contact FoUh: Jonas Olsson


The aim is to build a common European system for operational oceanography. SMHI hydrological research delivers real-time operational flows and närsaltsflöden to the sea shore with a focus on the Baltic and North Sea.
Funded by: EU FP7 Space
Period: 2010-2011
Participants: 59 partners
Contact FoUh: Chantal Donnelly


ECOSUPPORT is a research collaboration between the Baltic countries, which aims to find out how climate change affects the Baltic Sea ecosystem. SMHI hydrological research contributes to a system for simulating water flow and närsaltflöde from one country to the Baltic Sea (Balt-HYPE model), and efficacy studies of changing climate and action under HELCOM.
Funding: BONUS
Period :2009-2011
Participants: coordinated by Markus Meier, Research Oceanography at SMHI, with 10 other partners around the Baltic.
Contact FoUh: Chantal Donnelly

Distributed measurement system for improved snow and runoff forecasts

Purpose: This project focuses on combining model and measurement technology development to determine how the model structure and method for integrating the measured data (data assimilation) can be optimized with respect
to available snödata.
Funding: Elforsk / HUVA
Period: 2009-2011
Participants: KTH, Luleå Technical University.
Contact FoUh: Fredrik Wetterhall

Improved spring flood forecasts

Purpose: To optimize the current methodology and examine whether long-term meteorological forecasts can improve the result.
Funding: Elforsk / HUVA
Period :2009-2011
Participants: University of Lund
Contact FoUh: Jonas Olsson


Purpose: Improved snow forecasts
Funded by: HUVA
Period: 2011
Contact FoUh: Göran Lindström

Climate impact on many, unknown, small streams

Purpose: Small streams may be sensitive to changes in climate. The purpose of this project is estimating climate change on forest streams, primarily water flow and content of total organic carbon (TOC acronym). SMHI has developed a model, HYPE (Hydrological Predictions for the Environment).
Funding: The Foundation (
Period: July 2008 - June 2010
Participants: Department of Water and Environment, Swedish University
Contact FoUh: Berit Arheimer, Johan Temnerud

Constructed wetlands effects on phosphorus transport in agricultural areas

Purpose: To study the capacity of wetlands to reduce phosphorus transport from agricultural areas and the importance of catchment character has.
Funded by: Formas
Period: 2007-2009
Participants: Linköping University and SMHI
Contact FoUh: Berit Arheimer

Groundwater levels in a changing climate

Purpose: The project aims to describe how climate change may affect groundwater recharge and groundwater levels in different parts of the country and in different types of aquifers.
Funding: SGU
Period: 2008-2009
Participants: Professor Allan Rodhe, Uppsala University.
Contact at FoUh: Göran Lindström


The project PAMO (Participatory Modelling for Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in Southern Africa) analyzes how participatory modeling can be used to develop locally suggested adaptation plans for the impact of climate change on water resources.
Funded by: Sida / SAREC, VR
Period: 2006-2009
Participants: University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, Linköping and Lund University.
Contact FoUh: Lotta Andersson