The project aims at increasing the reliability of the global Earth system models by better describing biogeochemical interactions between the atmosphere, aerosol particles, ground, vegetation and sea. The models are then used to develop climate predictions based on emissions scenarios, which describe various future societal developments.
SMHI is a leading partner in the international consortium working with the earth system model, EC-Earth. Among other things, SMHI is researching into the interaction between circulation and the carbon cycle in the sea. SMHI is in charge of coordinating the project's new climate scenarios and ensuring that these can be used for dynamic downscaling in regional climate models.
CRESCENDO continues from the previous EU project EMBRACE, and develops earth-system models such as EC-Earth. There are 24 research institutes participating in CRESCENDO and the project is coordinated by the University of Leeds, UK. SMHI and the Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science at the University of Lund are participating from Sweden. The project is funded by the EU's Horizon 2020 research programme.