Clarity - "Integrated Climate Adaptation Service Tools for Improving Resilience Measure Efficiency"
Urban areas and traffic infrastructure linking such areas are highly vulnerable to climate change. Smart use of existing climate intelligence can increase urban resilience and generate added value for businesses and society at large. Based on the results of FP7 climate change, future internet and crisis preparedness projects (SUDPLAN, ENVIROFI, CRISMA) with an average TRL of 4-5 and following an agile and user-centred design process, end-users, purveyors and providers of climate intelligence will co-create an integrated Climate Services Information System (CSIS) to integrate resilience into urban infrastructure. As a result, CLARITY will provide an operational eco-system of cloud based climate services to calculate and present the expected effects of CC-induced and -amplified hazards at the level of risk, vulnerability and impact functions. CLARITY will offer what-If decision support functions to investigate the effects of adaptation measures and risk reduction options in the specific project context, and allow the comparison of alternative strategies.
Four demonstration cases will showcase CLARITY climate services in different climatic, regional, infrastructure and hazard contexts in Italy, Sweden, Austria and Spain; focusing on the planning and implementation of urban infrastructure
development projects. CLARITY will provide the practical means to include the effects of CC hazards and possible adaptation and risk management strategies into planning and implementation of such projects, focusing on increasing CC resilience. Decision makers involved in these projects will be empowered to perform climate proof and adaptive planning of adaptation and risk reduction options.
Funding: EC (Horizon2020)
- "Risk-based decision support for adaptation to future natural hazards"
Researchers shall improve knowledge concerning the information that early climate change adopters require to be able to make decisions. This, in its turn, shall stimulate more effective decision-making about climate adaptation.
Funding: MSB - Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Partners: SMHI, SEI, Swedish National Knowledge Centre for Climate Change Adaptation
- "Study of the emissions of particulate matter and black carbon and related impact on air quality in Curitiba and Metropolitan Region"
The city of Curitiba in the state of Paraná, in Brazil, has a long tradition of sustainable urban planning and innovative urban concepts. The Sweden/Brazil cooperation project ParCur aims at taking into account the air quality impact caused by urban expansion and densification.
Partners: SMHI (general coordinator), Federal University of Paraná (UFPR, coordinator in Brazil), and 17 other government agencies and research institutions in Brazil and Sweden.
- "Climate information for European Cities"
According to the EC, climate services have the potential to become the intelligence behind the transition to a climate-resilient society. In this scope, the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) aims to provide information that will help societal and business sectors improve decision-making and planning in regard to climate mitigation and adaptation. The C3S Urban SIS project serves as a proof-of-concept for a Sectorial Information Service (SIS) on the infrastructure and health sectors in European cities.
Partners: SMHI (coordinator, SE), University of Reading (urban climate expert, UK), University of Umeå (human health expert, SE), ARPA Emilia-Romagna (IT), University of Bologna (IT), WSP (SE), Veryday (SE).
- "Green Infrastructure approach: linking environmental with social aspects in studying and managing urban forests" (COST Action FP1204)
Green Infrastructure (GI) has recently gained prominence as a planning tool at regional and local levels. GI provides a range of ecosystem services, and new initiatives can build on state-of-the-art research and on delivery mechanisms such as urban forestry (UF). However, greater attention is needed on integrating the environmental and social benefits produced, particularly in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation. The aim of the Action is to increase the understanding on the role of UF in the context of GI in terms of ecosystem services provision.
Funding: COST – European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research
- "Sustainable Urban Development Planner for Climate Change Adaptation"
A changed climate will expose European cities to environmental pressures. SUDPLAN aimed at developing a web-based planning, prediction and training tool to support decisions in long term urban planning. The goal was to help assuring populations health, comfort, safety and life quality, as well as sustainability of investments in utilities and infrastructures, within a changing climate. With it´s open nature and architectural design, SUDPLAN has contributed to a shared information space in Europe.
Partners: SMHI (coordinator), AIT, Cismet GmbH, CENIA, APERTUM IT AB, DFKI, SULVF, City of Wuppertal, TUG.